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International Journal of Scientific Development and Research - IJSDR
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Volume 4 | Issue 10

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Paper Title: Design of mechanical draft cooling tower and determination of thermal efficiency
Authors Name: Prof. Ajit Prasad Dash , Kishor Kumar Panda , Ajay Kumar Yadav , Vikas Sharma
Unique Id: IJSDR1604030
Published In: Volume 1 Issue 4, April-2016
Abstract: The present paper is a detailed methodology for thermal design of cooling tower. The technical data is taken for Mechanical draft cooling tower. A cooling tower is a heat rejection device which rejects waste heat to the atmosphere through the cooling of a water stream to a lower temperature. Cooling towers may either use the evaporation of water to remove process heat and cool the working fluid to near the wet-bulb air temperature or, in the case of closed circuit dry cooling towers, rely solely on air to cool the working fluid to near the dry-bulb air temperature. Common applications include cooling the circulating water used in oil refineries petrochemical chemical plants, thermal power stations and HVAC systems for cooling buildings. The classification is based on the type of air induction into the tower: the main types of cooling towers are natural draft and induced draft cooling towers.Industrial cooling towers can be used to remove heat from various sources such as machinery or heated process material. The primary use of large, industrial cooling towers is to remove the heat absorbed in the circulating cooling water systems used in power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, natural gas processing plants, food processing plants, semi-conductor plants, and for other industrial facilities such as in condensers of distillation columns, for cooling liquid in crystallization, etc. The principle of operation of cooling towers is very similar to that of the evaporative type of condensers, in which the warm water gets cooled by means of evaporation. Water evaporates as a result of the hot water droplet coming in contact with the air (which is being pumped out by means of a fan). This evaporating water also absorbs the latent heat from the water surrounding it. By losing latent heat, the water is cooled. Cooling towers offer an excellent alternative particularly in locations where sufficient cooling water cannot be easily obtained from natural sources or where concern for the environment imposes some limits on the temperature at which cooling water can be returned to the surrounding.
Keywords: cooling tower, condenser,evaporation, natural draft,induced draft
Cite Article: "Design of mechanical draft cooling tower and determination of thermal efficiency", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.1, Issue 4, page no.191 - 197, April-2016, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR1604030.pdf
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Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR1604030
Registration ID:160147
Published In: Volume 1 Issue 4, April-2016
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 191 - 197
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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